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section 231(4)
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ALPHABETICAL LISTING NUMERICAL LISTING CATEGORICAL LISTING

SECTION WORDING
231(1) Murder is first degree murder or second degree murder.(4) Irrespective of whether a murder is planned and deliberate on the part of any person, murder is first degree murder when the victim is (a) a police officer, police constable, constable, sheriff, deputy sheriff, sheriff’s officer or other person employed for the preservation and maintenance of the public peace, acting in the course of his duties; (b) a warden, deputy warden, instructor, keeper, jailer, guard or other officer or a permanent employee of a prison, acting in the course of his duties; or (c) a person working in a prison with the permission of the prison authorities and acting in the course of his work therein.

RELATED LINKS
search-and-seizure-of-cellular-phonesA recent Ontario Court of Appeal decision enables the police to search the contents of a cellular phone upon arrest. This entry discusses the effect this will have on privacy rights as well as some of the precautions every private citizen should take in light of this flawed decision.





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