section 2


2. In this Act, "United Nations operation" means an operation that is established by the competent organ of the United Nations in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and is conducted under United Nations authority and control, if the operation is for the purpose of maintaining or restoring international peace and security or if the Security Council or the General Assembly of the United Nations has declared, for the purposes of the Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel, that there exists an exceptional risk to the safety of the personnel participating in the operation. It does not include an operation authorized by the Security Council as an enforcement action under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations in which any of the personnel are engaged as combatants against organized armed forces and to which the law of international armed conflict applies;


The term "United Nations Operation" is only used twice in the Criminal Code, specifically under the definition of "United Nations Personnel." Notably, when a crime is committed abroad, against a United Nations Personnel, Canada may assert jurisdiction over the offence pursuant to section 7(3.71) if certain criteria are met.