section 462.1


The definition of consume in this part of the Criminal Code of Canada includes inhaling, injecting into the human body, masticating, and smoking.


462.1 In this Part, "consume" includes inhale, inject into the human body, masticate and smoke.


Section 462.1 of the Criminal Code of Canada provides the definition of the term "consume" in the context of Part XII.2 of the Code, which deals with offences related to property obtained by crime. It defines the term broadly to include four different methods of intake: inhaling, injecting into the human body, masticating, and smoking. The purpose of this section is to provide clear and comprehensive language for the different ways in which a person can consume property obtained by crime. The term "property" in this context refers to anything that is obtained through criminal activity, such as money, drugs, or stolen goods. By including these different methods of intake, the definition ensures that all possible forms of consumption are covered. For example, inhaling and smoking may refer to the consumption of drugs, while masticating may refer to the consumption of stolen food or beverages. This definition is important because it is used throughout Part XII.2 of the Code to describe various offences related to the disposal or trafficking of property obtained by crime. These offences include possession of property obtained by crime, trafficking in property obtained by crime, and laundering proceeds of crime. Overall, section 462.1 provides clarity and consistency in the language used to describe the consumption of property obtained by crime. This supports the effectiveness of the criminal justice system in identifying and prosecuting offenders who engage in these types of activity.


Section 462.1 of the Criminal Code of Canada is a crucial provision that helps to define various activities related to drug consumption in Canada. It is a particularly important provision, considering the increasing number of Canadians who use drugs, especially under the current opioid crisis. The provision is essential as it provides clarity and guidance for the legal interpretation of key terms used in various drug laws, regulations, and jurisprudential decisions. It ensures that the broad range of activities related to drug consumption is clearly defined within the law, and individuals or organizations involved in these activities can be held accountable for their actions within the judicial system. The section states that the term consume" includes various methods of drug consumption such as inhaling, injecting, chewing, and smoking. It is a comprehensive definition, largely inclusive of most known methods of using drugs. The definition of consume is necessary to prevent drug users from circumventing the law by simply altering the ingestion or use method of drugs. It is also important to note that the definition covers all types of drugs, including legal and illegal substances. The term inhale" is a term that covers the use of drugs such as marijuana and tobacco in the form of smoke or vapour. The inclusion of this term is vital because it helps to highlight the harm caused by smoking and the use of drugs in other ways that result in inhalation. It also helps to ensure that individuals who participate in this activity are aware of the potential risks and can take measures to protect themselves from harm. This term's inclusion provides evidence of the legislature's awareness of and concern for the negative health effects of drug use. The term inject into the human body" is a term that applies to heroin use, and it is the most dangerous method of drug consumption. Inclusion of this term within the definition of consume is important in highlighting the gravity of the act of using drugs. It puts drug users on notice of the severe consequences of drug use and seeks to deter those who might otherwise attempt to engage in drug use through injection. The term masticate" refers to the act of chewing or eating drugs, including pill form drugs. This term highlights the importance of proper drug disposal, as improperly discarded narcotics can be hazardous if ingested. It also underscores the importance of pill-taking and prescription medication guidelines that advise individuals on the proper way to consume these drugs. The term smoke" is used to describe smoking tobacco and marijuana and is important in conveying the harm caused by smoking. It highlights the harmful effects of smoking, including lung cancer, emphysema, and cardiovascular disease as well as associated health effects. It also helps to underscore the public health risk posed by secondhand smoke, which is a critical social concern. In conclusion, Section 462.1 of the Criminal Code of Canada provides definitions of consumption" that are broad, inclusive, and vital in clarifying the many methods used to ingest drugs. The definition helps to ensure that all types of drug use are accounted for in determining legal responsibility, and it also underscores the importance of proper drug use for better health outcomes. It is a significant provision that powerfully highlights the risks posed by drug use, whether legal or illegal. Overall, this provision serves as an important tool in the regulation and management of drug use in Canada and is an essential aspect of the country's legal framework.


Section 462.1 of the Criminal Code of Canada, which defines "consume" as including inhaling, injecting, masticating, and smoking, has significant implications for law enforcement agencies and legal professionals. When dealing with this section of the Criminal Code, several strategic considerations and tactics need to be considered to ensure effective enforcement and prosecution of offences related to drug consumption. One of the most critical considerations when dealing with Section 462.1 is the need to ensure that all investigative procedures and evidence collection methods employed by law enforcement agencies comply with the fundamental rights of suspects and accused individuals. The Supreme Court of Canada has established several precedents in recent years, such as the Jordan decision, aimed at ensuring that court proceedings are fair, timely, and efficient. Law enforcement agencies must, therefore, focus on the importance of evidence collection, investigative procedure, and proper documentation to ensure that their cases are not thrown out of court on technicalities. Another strategic consideration is the need to develop specialized training and expertise within law enforcement agencies and legal professionals. Since Section 462.1 relates to various forms of drug consumption, specialization in different forms of consumption would be essential. This is because the various methods of drug consumption are associated with different types of offences and have different risk factors. Hence, specialized knowledge and skills will allow investigators, prosecutors, and judges to better understand the nuances of the different methods of drug consumption and apply the law appropriately. Strategies that could be employed include the establishment of specialized drug courts that cater to drug-related offences. Drug courts are dedicated courts that hear cases related to drug offenses and provide a comprehensive range of interventions aimed at rehabilitation and addressing drug addiction. Such courts have proven to be successful in reducing recidivism rates, promoting public safety, and addressing the root causes of drug-related offences. Other strategies include improving coordination and collaboration between various enforcement agencies, such as the police, customs, and border control agencies. Interagency collaboration and coordination will allow for the sharing of intelligence and resources, reducing duplication of efforts and focusing resources on the most critical areas of drug enforcement. Additionally, developing community policing initiatives that focus on drug addiction prevention, early intervention, and diversion programs will also be essential in addressing drug consumption. In conclusion, Section 462.1 of the Criminal Code of Canada is a critical section that deals with the various methods of drug consumption. Effective enforcement and prosecution of offences related to drug consumption require strategic considerations, specialized knowledge and expertise, and collaboration between various agencies and stakeholders. By employing various strategies such as specialized drug courts, improving coordination, and community policing initiatives, it is possible to effectively address drug consumption and its associated risks to society.