section 121(3)


Offenders of section 121 are guilty of an indictable offence and may face imprisonment for up to five years.


121(3) Every one who commits an offence under this section is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.


Section 121(3) of the Criminal Code of Canada pertains to the offence of bribery of an official. Specifically, if an individual (or an entity) offers, gives, or agrees to provide an advantage to an official to influence their actions, duties, or functions, they may be charged under this section. Moreover, if an official demands, accepts, or agrees to receive an advantage as a form of inducement or reward for performing or not performing a duty, they may also be charged under this section. An offence under section 121 is considered an indictable offence, which is the most serious category of offences in Canada and requires a trial by jury. Individuals found guilty of this offence can be sentenced to a maximum of five years imprisonment. This provision is intended to deter individuals from bribing officials or accepting bribes, which have the potential to compromise the integrity of public institutions and damage public trust in the government. The provision is a vital component of Canada's anti-corruption framework and is regularly used by law enforcement agencies to ensure that the officials in the public sector act impartially. This provision reinforces that officials are accountable to the public and points out the importance of transparency and honesty in government. It is also worth noting that offenders who gain an advantage from committing an offence under this provision can also be charged with additional offences. Overall, section 121(3) is an essential part of Canada's Criminal Code that is aimed at preventing corruption in public institutions. Its implementation and enforcement are crucial to maintaining public confidence in the integrity of official institutions and ensuring that they act in the best interest of the public.


Section 121(3) of the Criminal Code of Canada outlines the criminal offense of bribing an official. It states that any individual who commits this offense is guilty of an indictable offense and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years. This particular section represents the Canadian government's commitment to combatting corruption and ensuring the integrity of public officials. Bribery of public officials is a significant challenge in many countries around the world, as it undermines the credibility and effectiveness of government institutions. By making it a criminal offense to commit this action, the Canadian government is sending a clear message that it will not tolerate any unethical behavior that threatens its public institutions and their associated functions. Section 121(3) is part of the Canadian Criminal Code, which is a set of laws that define and prohibit criminal behavior in Canada. The code has been enacted by the Canadian federal government to ensure that there is a uniform and consistent approach to criminal law across the country. It is divided into several parts, each of which deals with specific offenses. As stated earlier, Section 121(3) specifically deals with the offense of bribing an official. This offense typically involves offering or agreeing to give a benefit to a public official in exchange for something that person is supposed to do or refrain from doing. This may include offering a bribe to a government official in exchange for a favorable decision or outcome for a business or other individual. The law applies equally to individuals who offer or provide the bribe as well as to officials who receive it. Section 121(3) makes it clear that this offense is a serious one, and any individual found guilty of it is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years. This penalty reflects the importance that Canada places on the integrity of its public institutions and demonstrates to potential bribe-givers and bribe-takers that such acts will not be tolerated. The section also emphasizes that bribery is not only wrong on a moral and ethical level, but it also has tangible consequences for individuals and society as a whole. Bribery undermines the credibility of public institutions and erodes the public's trust in government officials. It can also create an uneven playing field, favoring those who can afford to bribe officials over those who cannot. In conclusion, Section 121(3) of the Criminal Code of Canada is an essential instrument in the fight against corruption. It shows that the Canadian government is committed to upholding the integrity of its public institutions and sends a clear message to would-be bribe-givers and bribe-takers that such acts will not go unpunished. It is vital that Canadians understand the importance of this section of the Criminal Code and work towards creating a society free from corruption and unethical behavior.


Section 121(3) of the Criminal Code of Canada outlines the penalties for committing an offence related to bribery of foreign officials. This section is designed to prevent Canadians from bribing foreign officials to gain an unfair advantage in international business dealings. Anyone who is convicted of an offence under this section can face up to five years in prison. When an individual or organization is accused of committing a bribery offence under section 121(3), there are several strategic considerations that can help them defend themselves. Some of these strategies include: 1. Engaging experienced legal counsel: When defending against a serious criminal charge like this one, it is crucial to have the help of an experienced criminal defence lawyer. A skilled lawyer can assess the evidence against the accused, identify any weaknesses in the prosecution's case, and develop a strong defence strategy. 2. Conducting a thorough investigation: In many cases, the prosecution's case may be weak or incomplete. It may be possible to challenge the evidence presented by the prosecution or to find new evidence that undermines their case. Conducting a thorough investigation into the alleged bribery offence can help to identify weaknesses in the prosecution's case and develop a stronger defence. 3. Negotiating a plea bargain: In some cases, it may be advisable to negotiate a plea bargain with the prosecution. This can involve admitting guilt to a lesser offence in exchange for a reduced sentence. A plea bargain can be a smart strategic move if the evidence against the accused is strong and a conviction is likely. 4. Mounting a vigorous defence: If the prosecution's evidence is weak or flawed, it may be possible to successfully defend against the charges at trial. A skilled criminal defence lawyer can challenge the prosecution's evidence and witnesses, present alternative explanations for the accused's actions, and argue that there is reasonable doubt as to their guilt. Overall, the key to defending against an offence under section 121(3) of the Criminal Code of Canada is to engage an experienced criminal defence lawyer and to develop a strong defence strategy. By conducting a thorough investigation, negotiating a plea bargain, or mounting a vigorous defence at trial, it may be possible to achieve a favourable outcome in a bribery case.