section 394.1(3)


Violation of subsection (1) results in an indictable offence and a maximum prison sentence of five years.


394.1(3) A person who contravenes subsection (1) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years.


Section 394.1(3) of the Criminal Code of Canada pertains to the criminal offence of robbery with a firearm. Subsection (1) of this provision states that anyone who commits robbery while carrying or using a firearm is guilty of an indictable offence and shall receive a mandatory minimum sentence of four years of imprisonment. Subsection (3) then outlines the potential consequences for a person who contravenes subsection (1) by committing robbery with a firearm. Specifically, anyone found guilty of this crime is liable to be imprisoned for up to five years, in addition to the four-year mandatory minimum sentence. Overall, this provision highlights the seriousness of using firearms in the commission of a robbery. It sends a message that this type of crime will not be tolerated in Canadian society, and that individuals who engage in such activities will be subject to severe legal penalties. By imposing a significant term of imprisonment, the hope is that potential offenders will be deterred from committing this type of offence, and that those who do will be held accountable for their actions.


Section 394.1(3) of the Canadian Criminal Code establishes that anyone who violates subsection (1) shall be guilty of an indictable offence and punished with imprisonment for up to five years. Specifically, this section pertains to the crime of robbery using a firearm, which is one of the most serious and dangerous offences that can be committed in Canada. According to subsection (1), an individual commits robbery with a firearm when they: 1) Use a firearm to commit theft, extortion or any other form of taking property or money from someone else either through the threat of violence or actual use of force, 2) Are armed with a firearm at the time of committing robbery, or 3) Use an imitation firearm while committing robbery. It goes without saying that the use of firearms during the course of committing a robbery is extremely dangerous and potentially lethal. These weapons can cause great harm to the victim, bystanders, and even the perpetrators themselves. The crime of robbery with a firearm is considered to be a highly serious and violent criminal offence. It is due to this severity that the Criminal Code imposes a significant punishment of imprisonment up to five years. Clearly, the government of Canada has stipulated that the offence of robbery with firearms is a grave threat to the security of the public and society. It is important to recognize that the punishment for this crime is not limited to imprisonment. A conviction for this type of offence will have long-lasting consequences for both the offender and the victim. The offender could face significant fines, probation, and a criminal record that may impact future employment, travel, and other aspects of their lives. Moreover, this offence creates a great deal of trauma for the victim. The process of being robbed at gunpoint, regardless of whether a victim is physically harmed or not, is psychologically traumatizing. In some cases, victims may never fully recover and may even develop long-lasting psychological disorders. As a result, ensuring that the offender is punished and held accountable for their actions is essential to providing victims with the support and justice they deserve. The Criminal Code of Canada is a reflection of the values held by the legislative body and Canadian society. The punishment for robbery with a firearm indicates that Canadians are averse to violence, and our society will not tolerate the use of firearms in the commission of criminal offences. It sends a message that violent crime and the use of firearms will not be tolerated and that those who engage in such behaviour will face severe consequences. In conclusion, section 394.1(3) of the Criminal Code provides a significant punishment for those who commit robbery with a firearm. The crime of robbery with a firearm is considered to be a grave threat to public security, and it is crucial that offenders are held accountable for their actions. By imposing a significant penalty, the Criminal Code has sent out a clear message that violent crime, and especially the use of firearms, will not be tolerated, serving as a deterrent to those considering committing such an offence. At the same time, it helps to mitigate the impact of the crime on the victim, ensuring that they achieve the necessary justice.


Section 394.1(3) of the Criminal Code of Canada is a serious offence that can lead to imprisonment of not more than five years. This section deals with robbery with a firearm, where a firearm is used to commit a theft or robbery. When dealing with this section, several strategic considerations need to be made to ensure that one's rights are protected in the criminal justice system. Some of these considerations are discussed below. The first strategic consideration is to hire a criminal defense lawyer with extensive experience in defending individuals accused of robbery with a firearm. A skilled lawyer can help you understand your rights and the possible defenses that can be raised on your behalf. They can advise you on the possible penalties and work to get the most favorable outcome for your case. Another strategic consideration is to avoid self-incrimination. This requires that you do not make any statements or confessions to the police or other law enforcement agencies before contacting a lawyer. Anything you say can be used against you in court, so it is essential to exercise your right to remain silent until you have consulted with your lawyer. Thirdly, it is crucial to conduct an investigation to challenge the prosecution's evidence. The prosecution must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the accused committed the offence of robbery with a firearm. This requires gathering and analyzing all the available evidence, including witness statements, surveillance footage, forensic evidence, and other relevant information. An experienced criminal defense lawyer can assist in the investigation and help identify any weaknesses in the prosecution's case. Fourthly, it is important to maintain consistent and credible evidence throughout the trial. The accused must present a believable story that does not contradict the evidence presented by the prosecution. A defense lawyer may assist in identifying any inconsistencies in the prosecution's case and help present a consistent and credible defense. Finally, it is essential to consider plea bargaining as a strategic option. This involves negotiating with the prosecution to reduce the charge to a lesser offence. Plea bargaining can help avoid the risk of a harsher sentence and save the accused from a lengthy trial. A defense lawyer can help negotiate a favorable plea bargain for the accused. In conclusion, robbery with a firearm is a serious offence that requires strategic considerations when dealing with section 394.1(3) of the Criminal Code of Canada. Employing an experienced criminal defense lawyer, avoiding self-incrimination, conducting an investigation, maintaining consistent and credible evidence, and considering plea bargaining are all essential strategies for a successful defense.