section 726


The court must provide the offender with an opportunity to speak before determining their sentence.


726 Before determining the sentence to be imposed, the court shall ask whether the offender, if present, has anything to say.


Section 726 of the Criminal Code of Canada is a provision that mandates the court to ask an offender whether they have anything to say before determining the sentence to be imposed. This section is important because it provides an opportunity for the offender to express their remorse, provide mitigating factors, or offer any other information that may be relevant to the sentencing process. The purpose of this provision is to ensure that the court takes into account all relevant information before deciding on a just and appropriate sentence. By asking whether the offender has anything to say, the court is giving them a chance to have their voice heard and to participate in the sentencing process. This helps to promote transparency and accountability in the legal system. Moreover, this provision is consistent with the principles of fundamental justice, including the right to be heard and the right to a fair trial. These rights are enshrined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and the courts have a duty to uphold them. In summary, Section 726 of the Criminal Code of Canada is an important provision that ensures an offender is given an opportunity to present their case to the court before sentencing. It promotes fairness, transparency, and accountability in the legal system and upholds the principles of fundamental justice.


Section 726 of the Criminal Code of Canada is a crucial procedural requirement that all Canadian courts must follow before determining the sentence to be imposed on a convicted offender. Essentially, this section requires the court to give the offender an opportunity to address the court directly and provide any relevant information before sentencing. The importance of Section 726 lies in the fundamental principles of procedural fairness and natural justice. These principles are enshrined in the Canadian legal system as a means to ensure that all individuals are given a fair opportunity to be heard in the legal process. The ability to speak directly to the court before sentencing can be an essential remedy for an offender who may have important information that could affect the sentence imposed. This could include factors such as mitigating circumstances, evidence of rehabilitation, or other relevant points. Moreover, the ability for an offender to speak directly to the court provides a level of transparency and accountability in the justice system. It allows the offender to express their perspective on the crime they have been convicted of, as well as the punishment being considered, which can help to humanize the offender and provide insight into their motivations. This can be important both for the offender and the public, as it can help to restore trust in the justice system and provide a clearer understanding of the factors influencing sentencing decisions. It is worth noting that Section 726 only applies when the offender is present in court. Therefore, it does not apply in circumstances where the offender has absconded or is otherwise unable to attend the sentencing hearing. Additionally, the offender is not required to speak if they do not wish to do so; Section 726 simply provides an opportunity for the offender to address the court. In practice, the application of Section 726 can vary depending on the individual judge, the nature of the crime, and the circumstances of the case. Some judges may allow the offender to speak at length, while others may limit their remarks or only allow them to speak to specific issues. Additionally, some judges may take the offender's remarks into account more than others when making their sentencing decision. However, regardless of the specific application, the ability for an offender to address the court before sentencing remains a crucial component of the Canadian justice system. In conclusion, Section 726 of the Criminal Code of Canada is an essential requirement for the fair and just application of criminal law. It ensures that all offenders are given an appropriate opportunity to be heard and provide relevant information before sentencing, which can help to promote transparency, accountability, and procedural fairness within the justice system. As such, it is an important aspect of Canadian law that should be upheld and respected by all those involved in the criminal justice process.


When dealing with section 726 of the Criminal Code of Canada, there are several strategic considerations that legal professionals need to take into account. These considerations are important as they form the basis for determining the sentence that will be imposed on the offender. Here are some of the strategies that can be employed when dealing with this section of the Criminal Code of Canada. 1) Preparation is Key: While the offender has the right to say something before the sentence is passed, a lack of preparation can result in crucial points being missed. It is important to prepare the offender well in advance so that they can use this opportunity to highlight mitigating factors or make a plea for mercy. Legal professionals must ensure that the offender understands the nature of the offence and has the necessary information to make an informed statement. 2) Tone and Demeanor: The tone and demeanor used by the offender can have a significant impact on the sentencing decision. Offenders who are contrite and remorseful are more likely to receive a lesser sentence than those who are defiant or unapologetic. Legal professionals must counsel their clients to conduct themselves with dignity and show that they appreciate the gravity of their actions. 3) Timing Matters: The timing of the statement made by the offender can also affect the sentence imposed. For example, if the offender waits till the last minute to express remorse, it may be viewed as insincere. Legal professionals should advise their clients to seize the opportunity to make a statement early on in the sentencing hearing. 4) The Message Counts: The content of the message delivered by the offender can make or break the sentencing decision. The offender must express genuine remorse, take responsibility for their actions, and provide context for their behaviour. Legal professionals should help their clients craft a message that is both honest and compelling, highlighting factors that may have led to the offence, such as financial hardship, addiction, or mental health issues. 5) The Judge Matters: Judges have a wide degree of discretion when imposing sentences. The tone, demeanor, and message of the offender can have a significant impact on the judge's decision. Legal professionals should research the judge's sentencing history and disposition as part of their courtroom strategy. 6) Appeal is Always an Option: If the sentence is deemed too harsh, legal professionals can appeal the sentence based on the fact that the offender was not given a fair opportunity to address the court. The appeal court may order a new sentencing hearing or even reduce the sentence imposed. In conclusion, when dealing with section 726 of the Criminal Code of Canada, legal professionals must be diligent in their preparation, tone, and timing, and craft a message that is both honest and compelling. By doing so, they can help their clients receive a fair sentence that takes into account the mitigating factors associated with their offence.