section 209


Cheating while playing a game or betting with intent to defraud someone is an indictable offense with a maximum penalty of two years imprisonment.


209 Every one who, with intent to defraud any person, cheats while playing a game or in holding the stakes for a game or in betting is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.


Section 209 of the Criminal Code of Canada focuses on the element of cheating in connection with playing or holding stakes for a game or while betting. Cheating is defined as an act of deceiving or engaging in fraud with the aim to gain an unfair advantage. This section of the Criminal Code is meant to prevent individuals from cheating in games or gambling to defraud others. The intent to defraud is the key aspect of this offence, meaning that not only does the act of cheating have to take place, but it must also be with the intention of ultimately deceiving another person for one's own personal gain. Individuals found guilty of contravening this section could face imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years. The punishment is relatively mild compared to other indictable offences, such as murder or robbery, which entail much longer jail terms. However, the consequences of being found guilty of cheating in this context can be dire, as it could lead to the loss of livelihood and reputation, especially for professional gamblers and gaming industry employees. Furthermore, section 209 aligns with the federal government's mandate to ensure the fairness and integrity of the gaming industry and safeguard Canadian consumers. It encourages honest and ethical behaviour when playing games or participating in any form of wagering, which are essential components to ensure that the industry operates in a fair and transparent manner. In conclusion, section 209 of the Criminal Code highlights the importance of integrity and fairness in the gaming industry and emphasizes the repercussions that cheating can have for not only the individual but also the broader community.


Section 209 of the Criminal Code of Canada criminalizes cheating with the intention of defrauding people while playing a game, holding stakes for a game, or betting. This section of the criminal code ensures that there is fairness in gambling and that players are not taken advantage of through illegal practices. Gambling is a popular leisure activity in Canada. It offers people the opportunity to win money and enjoy the thrill of risk-taking. However, gambling can also result in financial loss, addiction, and criminal conduct. To protect individuals and society from the negative effects of gambling, Canada has strict gambling laws that govern the practice, and cheating is one of the major offenses in the industry. Cheating is a dishonest and unacceptable practice in any game, including gambling games. Gambling is a game of chance, and the results of the game should be determined by luck or chance. Cheating disrupts the fairness of the game and negatively affects everyone involved. Cheating can take many forms, including marked cards, switching cards, hidden cards, and collusion, among others. This section of the Criminal Code of Canada criminalizes cheating in gambling games, holding stakes for games, and betting. It happens when the accused intentionally defrauds an individual or group of individuals by cheating in the game to win. The offense carries a maximum penalty of two years imprisonment, and it is categorized as an indictable offense. The penalty is designed to deter people from engaging in fraudulent and illegal activities in the gambling industry. One of the essential elements that must be satisfied to convict someone under Section 209 is the element of intent. In other words, the defendant must have intended to defraud the victim through cheating. The intention to defraud is crucial since it distinguishes cheating from honest mistakes or errors. For example, if a player unknowingly uses marked cards in a game, they may not be considered cheaters unless it can be proven that they had the intention to defraud their opponents. Section 209 also provides a broader interpretation of cheating than just the act of manipulating the game's outcome. It includes aiding and abetting cheating and holding bets and stakes for the cheating players. This provision ensures that every participant in the gambling industry is held accountable for their actions. It also promotes the principle of joint responsibility, meaning that a person who helps another person cheat is not less liable than the person who did the cheating. In conclusion, cheating in gambling games and the like is a heinous offense that can lead to imprisonment. Section 209 of the Canadian Criminal Code plays a crucial role in ensuring fairness and honesty in the gambling industry. The element of intent and aid and abet provisions in the section ensure that everyone involved in the practice, including stakeholders, is held accountable for their actions. This provision serves as a warning and a potent deterrent to would-be cheaters. It also reinforces the notion that every player has a fair chance of winning based on their skills and chance, and nobody should defraud anyone through surreptitious practices.


Section 209 of the Criminal Code of Canada criminalizes cheating while playing games or betting. These provisions aim to deter individuals from engaging in fraudulent activities that can deceive others and deprive them of their money or property. In this article, we'll discuss some strategic considerations when dealing with this section of the Criminal Code of Canada and explore some strategies that can be employed to minimize the risks of criminal liability. Strategic Considerations: Understanding the Elements of the Offence: To develop a robust strategy when dealing with Section 209 of the Criminal Code, it is essential to have a clear understanding of its elements. The provisions require that the accused have the intent to defraud another person. This means that the accused must have been aware that their actions were dishonest and fraudulent with the aim of deceiving the victim. The second element requires that the accused committed such fraudulent actions while playing a game or betting. Legal Advice: Engaging a legal counsel is a critical strategic consideration when dealing with Section 209 of the Criminal Code. A competent lawyer can advise on the various legal implications and advise on the best strategies to adopt. A lawyer can also help to draft a legal defense and make representations to the prosecution to reduce or drop the charges. Internal Policies: Organizations that have gaming and betting operations can develop internal policies that aim to minimize the risks of fraudulent activities. Such policies can focus on regular training and awareness raising among employees and imposing checks and balances measures to minimize fraudulent activities. Strategies: Integrity Checks: One strategy that can be employed to minimize the risks of criminal liability is to conduct integrity checks. Regular integrity checks can help to identify any signs of fraudulent activities, including cheating, and take early intervention measures to minimize losses and damages. Organizations can consider employing an independent auditor or investigator to conduct the checks and report to the relevant authorities. Surveillance: The use of surveillance technology can be an effective strategy to deter fraudulent activities. Surveillance cameras, for example, can be installed in gaming and betting facilities to capture any criminal activities. Surveillance can also be used to confirm any suspicions of fraudulent activities. Awareness Raising: Raising awareness among employees, customers, and stakeholders can be an effective strategy for reducing the risk of fraudulent activities. Organizations can consider developing education and awareness-raising programs that focus on identifying signs of fraudulent activities, such as cheating, and reporting such activities to the relevant authorities. Conclusion: Section 209 of the Criminal Code of Canada criminalizes cheating while playing games or betting. To minimize the risks of criminal liability, organizations can develop internal policies and strategies that focus on integrity checks, surveillance, and awareness raising. Engaging a legal counsel is also a critical consideration when dealing with Section 209 of the Criminal Code. By adopting these strategies, organizations can ensure compliance with the law and minimize losses and damages resulting from fraudulent activities.