section 91(1)

INTRODUCTION AND BRIEF DESCRIPTION

It is an offense to possess a firearm without a proper license and registration certificate.

SECTION WORDING

91(1) Subject to subsection (4), every person commits an offence who possesses a firearm without being the holder of (a) a licence under which the person may possess it; and (b) in the case of a prohibited firearm or a restricted firearm, a registration certificate for it.

EXPLANATION

Section 91(1) of the Criminal Code of Canada clearly outlines that any person who possesses a firearm without possessing a valid license or registration certificate commits an offense. This section is part of the larger Firearms Act, which regulates and controls the possession, transportation, and usage of firearms in Canada. Under Canadian law, there are three types of firearms: non-restricted, restricted, and prohibited. A non-restricted firearm refers to any ordinary rifle or shotgun that is not deemed to be restricted or prohibited. A restricted firearm is any handgun that is not prohibited, as well as any long gun that has been deemed restricted. Prohibited firearms, on the other hand, are small firearms, including automatic weapons, some semi-automatic weapons, and handguns that have been banned in Canada. Therefore, Section 91(1) of the Criminal Code prohibits any person from possessing a firearm, whether non-restricted, restricted or prohibited, without a valid license and registration certificate, if required. This is because owning and using firearms can pose significant risks to public safety, and it is crucial to have regulations in place to ensure responsible ownership of firearms. It is important to understand that obtaining a firearm license and registration certificate in Canada involves completing a firearm safety course and background check. It is also important to note that restrictions exist for certain classes of applicants, including individuals with certain criminal records and individuals with mental illnesses that affect their decision-making abilities. In summary, Section 91(1) of the Criminal Code of Canada is an essential regulation that ensures responsible ownership of firearms in Canada. Those who possess a firearm without a valid license and registration certificate may face severe penalties, including imprisonment and fines.

COMMENTARY

Section 91(1) of the Criminal Code of Canada is an important piece of legislation that regulates the possession of firearms for all individuals within the country. The section outlines various provisions that prohibit anyone from possessing a firearm without a valid license or registration certificate. Failure to comply with this law can result in significant legal consequences for the individual, including fines, imprisonment, and even the suspension of the right to possess firearms permanently. One of the primary goals of Section 91(1) is to regulate the possession and use of firearms to ensure public safety and security. By requiring individuals who wish to possess firearms to obtain a license and registration certificate, the government can keep track of firearms and prevent them from falling into the wrong hands. This is particularly important for prohibited and restricted firearms, which can be especially dangerous in the wrong hands. To obtain a license and registration certificate, individuals must go through a thorough screening process that evaluates their mental and physical health, as well as their criminal background. This process helps to identify individuals who may pose a risk to public safety and prevent them from obtaining firearms. Section 91(1) also includes provisions that allow law enforcement agencies to seize firearms that have been obtained illegally or are being used for illegal activities. This provision is critical in ensuring that firearms do not end up in the hands of criminals. It also gives law enforcement agencies the power to take swift action to prevent further harm to the public. One notable aspect of Section 91(1) is that it applies to both individuals and organizations. This means that businesses, government agencies, and other organizations must also obtain the necessary licenses and registration certificates if they wish to possess firearms. This provision is particularly important for organizations that require firearms as part of their operations, such as security agencies and law enforcement agencies. In conclusion, Section 91(1) of the Criminal Code of Canada plays a critical role in regulating the possession of firearms in the country. It helps to ensure public safety and prevent firearms from falling into the wrong hands. It also provides law enforcement agencies with the power to take swift action to prevent further harm to the public. As such, it is essential that all individuals and organizations comply with the provisions outlined in this section of the Criminal Code of Canada.

STRATEGY

Section 91(1) of the Criminal Code of Canada is an important piece of legislation that is aimed at regulating the possession of firearms in the country. Anyone who contravenes this section of the code commits an offence, which could result in severe penalties, including fines and imprisonment. As such, it is essential for firearms owners to understand the provisions of the section and employ effective strategies to avoid running afoul of the law. In this essay, we will explore some strategic considerations when dealing with this section of the Criminal Code of Canada and highlight some strategies that can help firearms owners stay on the right side of the law. One of the primary strategic considerations when dealing with section 91(1) of the Criminal Code of Canada is compliance. This section requires that anyone who possesses a firearm must have a licence under which they may possess it. Additionally, in the case of restricted or prohibited firearms, they must have a registration certificate for the firearm. Therefore, firearms owners must ensure that they have the necessary documents before possessing any firearm. Failure to comply with this requirement could result in criminal charges and the forfeiture of the firearm. Another critical consideration is safe storage of firearms. The Criminal Code of Canada stipulates that firearms must be stored in a safe and secure place. This is to prevent unauthorized access to the firearm by children or anyone who is not licensed to use it. Safe storage of firearms requires firearms owners to have a proper and secure storage facility. The purpose of the facility is to ensure that the firearms are inaccessible to unauthorized persons. Another vital consideration when dealing with this section of the Criminal Code of Canada is the transportation of firearms. The law requires firearms owners to transport firearms safely and securely. A firearm must be unloaded, and the ammunition must be stored separately during transportation. The firearm must also be kept out of sight, and the transportation vehicle must be locked at all times. In conclusion, section 91(1) of the Criminal Code of Canada is a vital piece of legislation that regulates the possession of firearms in the country. Firearms owners must ensure that they comply with the provisions of the section to avoid criminal charges and the forfeiture of their firearms. Some of the strategic considerations when dealing with this section include compliance with licensing and registration requirements, safe storage of firearms, and proper transportation of firearms. Firearms owners should employ effective strategies to ensure that they comply with these requirements and avoid getting into legal trouble.