section 407


It is a criminal offense to forge a trademark with the intention to deceive or defraud the public or any person.


407 Every one commits an offence who, with intent to deceive or defraud the public or any person, whether ascertained or not, forges a trade-mark.


Section 407 of the Criminal Code of Canada is a provision that makes it illegal to forge a trade-mark with the intention of deceiving or defrauding the public or any person, whether they are identified or not. This section aims to protect the commercial interests of businesses and consumers, as trade-marks are essential for identifying and distinguishing one brand from another. Trade-marks can include names, logos, symbols, slogans, or any other sign that identifies the source of a product or service. The use of a trade-mark enables customers to make informed choices about the products or services they purchase, based on their confidence in the brand's quality and reputation. The forging of a trade-mark can cause immense harm to both the businesses and the consumers involved, as it can lead to confusion, loss of trust, and financial harm. Under Section 407 of the Criminal Code of Canada, the act of forging a trade-mark is a serious offence that can result in criminal charges. The provision is applicable to anyone who intentionally produces or distributes fake trade-marks with the aim of deception or fraud. The offence does not require the actual sale or use of the forged trade-mark; the mere act of creating or possessing a forged trade-mark is sufficient to violate the provision. The penalties for violating Section 407 can be severe, and the potential punishments can include a significant fine, imprisonment, or both. The severity of the punishment will depend on the circumstances of the offence, such as the scale and duration of the forgery, the extent of the harm caused, and the criminal history of the offender. Overall, Section 407 of the Criminal Code of Canada is a significant provision that reinforces the importance of trade-mark protection for both businesses and their customers. It aims to prevent deception and fraud and ensure that customers can make informed choices without risking their safety, health, or financial well-being.


Section 407 of the Criminal Code of Canada pertains to trademark forgery with the intent of deceiving or defrauding the public or any individual, whether known or unknown. Trademark forgery is a serious crime as the trademark distinguishes a product or service from its competitors in the marketplace and is a representation of the quality and authenticity of the product or service. The Canadian government provides legal protection for trademarks through intellectual property laws, and those who seek to violate these laws are prosecuted criminally. Trademark forgery is a form of counterfeiting or piracy that poses a threat to businesses, consumers, and the economy of Canada. Criminals who engage in such activity are seeking to profit from the sale of fake products that carry the same trademark as the authentic ones. Counterfeit goods also result in lost revenue for the legitimate businesses, harming both the customers and producers. The Canadian government is committed to enforcing these laws and protecting Canadian consumers. Trademark forgery can be a complex crime, and Section 407 of the Criminal Code is designed to cover the various scenarios in which it can occur. The section not only covers the forging of trademarks but also "deceptively misrepresenting a trademark as genuine." This means that if an individual creates an imitation of a trademark that is nearly identical to the genuine trademark, intending to deceive customers, it can still be considered a violation of Section 407. The penalties for committing a trademark forgery offence are severe and are meant to serve as a deterrent. Those convicted of a trademark forgery offence can face imprisonment for up to 10 years, or if they are tried on an indictment, they can face a fine of up to $1,000,000. Furthermore, the court may order the destruction of counterfeit goods and other items used in the commission of the offence. The section of the Criminal Code also includes a provision for "offence in relation to registered trade-marks." It specifies that it is an offence for anyone to make a false or misleading statement in an application for the registration of a trademark. Anyone found guilty of committing such an offense can face a fine of up to $50,000 and/or imprisonment for up to six months. In conclusion, Section 407 of the Criminal Code of Canada is a crucial component of intellectual property law. It provides a necessary legal framework for prosecuting those who seek to deceive or defraud customers by forging trademarks or making false statements in applications for trademark registration. The offence is a serious one and carries severe consequences, which serve as a deterrent to those who may consider engaging in such activity. The Canadian government's efforts in enforcing these laws help protect consumers and legitimate businesses, ensuring the integrity of the marketplace.


Section 407 of the Criminal Code of Canada is a significant legal provision that helps protect the public and trademark owners' interests by criminalizing the act of forging a trademark with the intent to deceive people. This section of the Criminal Code of Canada is extremely important to businesses, especially trademark owners, who rely on their intellectual property protection as a means to differentiate their products or services from those of competitors. Therefore, it is crucial for businesses to familiarize themselves with this section of the Criminal Code of Canada and take strategic steps to safeguard their trademark rights. One of the primary strategic considerations when dealing with Section 407 of the Criminal Code of Canada is to take precautionary measures to prevent the likelihood of trademark forgery. Trademark owners should register their trademarks with the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) and regularly monitor and enforce their trademark rights. This includes monitoring and preventing counterfeit products from entering the market, pursuing legal action against unauthorized use of the trademarks, and proactively educating the public on the importance of buying genuine products rather than fake products. Another important strategy when dealing with the Criminal Code of Canada's Section 407 is to work with law enforcement agencies and other government bodies to facilitate necessary investigations, prosecutions, and seizures of fake products. Trademark owners should work collaboratively with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), and other intellectual property offices to promote the importance of anti-counterfeiting measures and help develop robust enforcement mechanisms. Trademark owners should also consider adopting sophisticated technologies to prevent the forgery of their trademarks. This might include implementing cutting-edge technologies such as digital watermarking, embedding radio frequency identification (RFID) tags in products, or even Blockchain technology to create tamper-proof digital fingerprints. These technologies can help prove the authenticity of the products and combat trademark forgery effectively. Another key strategic consideration for businesses when dealing with Section 407 of the Criminal Code of Canada is to develop a crisis-response plan to protect their trademarks and brand reputation. In the event of a trademark forgery, businesses should act promptly to mitigate the damages and secure their intellectual property rights. They should also work with legal experts to leverage the relevant provisions of the Criminal Code of Canada and other applicable regulations to prosecute the perpetrators, seize the counterfeit products, and safeguard their brand reputation. In conclusion, it is imperative for any business that owns a registered trademark to take appropriate measures to safeguard their intellectual property rights. Section 407 of the Criminal Code of Canada is an essential legal provision that controls the act of forging trademarks to deceive the public. Companies should take strategic steps to prevent the likelihood of forging their trademarks, work closely with relevant government agencies and law enforcement bodies, adopt advanced anti-counterfeiting technologies, and prepare a crisis-response plan. These strategic considerations can help safeguard their trademarks, combat counterfeiting and forgery effectively, and prevent any potential damages to their brand's reputation.